Opioid addiction treatment is a complex process that requires a multifaceted approach to be successful. In order to successfully treat opioid addiction, a combination of medication, psychotherapy and lifestyle changes are necessary.
Medication-assisted treatment (MAT) is the most common method of opioid addiction treatment and involves the use of medications such as buprenorphine, methadone and naltrexone to reduce withdrawal symptoms and cravings. These medications work by blocking the effects of opioids, helping to reduce cravings and allowing addicts to focus on other aspects of their recovery. MAT has been proven to be an effective treatment for opioid addiction and has been shown to reduce relapse rates and improve outcomes for those in recovery (Dowell, Haegerich, Chou 2016).
Psychotherapy is another important component of opioid addiction treatment. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is the most common form of psychotherapy used to help addicts understand their triggers and behaviors, develop coping skills and develop a positive support system. Group therapy is also beneficial for those in recovery, as it provides a safe and supportive environment for addicts to share their experiences and struggles (Kaminer, 2019).
Finally, lifestyle changes are also essential for successful opioid addiction treatment. Diet, exercise, and stress management can all help to reduce cravings and improve overall physical and mental health. Additionally, engaging in activities such as yoga, mindfulness and meditation can help to reduce anxiety and depression, both of which are common among those in recovery (Weerts, et al., 2019).
By utilizing these components, those in recovery can reduce cravings, increase their chances of successful recovery, and improve their overall physical and mental health.
Explore the articles below for more information, resources, and insight on opioid addiction, treatment, and recovery.
Dowell, D., Haegerich, T., Chou, R. (2016). CDC Guideline for Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain — United States, 2016. MMWR. Recommendations and Reports, 65(1), 1-49.
Kaminer, Y. (2019). Psychotherapy for Opioid Use Disorders. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 42(3), 437-444.
Weerts, E., Brady, K., Li, S., & Back, S. (2019). Non-pharmacological interventions for opioid use disorder. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 32(4), 263-269.